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The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman Oceanographic Monitoring Program

The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman Oceanographic Monitoring Program (PGGOOMP)

 

Given the importance of the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman in terms of biotic and abiotic resources and various strategic issues and considering the increasing stress on these valuable marine environments, the development of a long-term monitoring program in its all related fields seems to be essential. The Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, in line with its missions has formulated a long-term monitoring program (applying advanced measurement and sampling equipment , specialized staffs in various oceanographic sciences, it’s well-equipped laboratories and research vessel (Kavoshgar-e-Khalij-e-Fars)  to study and monitor the biotic and abiotic factors in the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman in the field of oceanography. Regular studies in various fields including physical, chemical and biological oceanography, marine geology, satellite oceanography and atmospheric science are programmed in a specified monitoring network with a defined timetable.


 

Programmed sampling stations’ map

In the first phase of this program (2018-2019) due to insufficient understanding of physical, chemical and biological processes in this environment and lack of accurate knowledge of short term (monthly and inter-annual) changes in environmental characteristics, monitoring expeditions at selected stations in the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Oman Sea was performed 4 times a year. Since the launch of theresearch vessel (Dec. 2017), according to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman Oceanographic Monitoring Program (PGGOOMP), six expeditions ( PGE1801, PGE1802, PGE1803, PGE1804, PGE1901 and PGE1902) in the region were organized in different seasons of the year (Jan 2018, May 2018, September 2018, December 2018, May 2019 and Nov 2019).


During 2018-2019, approximately 150 stations in the PG and GO (including seasonal replicates) were measured and sampled during 80 days (6 expeditions, about 1000 person-day). The maximum number of stations in an expedition (60) were sampled at PGE1901 cruise, which covered the area from the Arvand River in the northwest of the Persian Gulf to the Chabahar Bay in the Makran Sea. In this research expedition seawater, bottom sediment and marine benthic and planktonic organisms were sampled from shallow areas near the coast (about 10 meters deep) to depths of more than 1,000 meters in the Gulf of Oman. However, the focus of the PGE1801, 1802 and 1804 cruises were on the Strait of Hormuz and the eastern part of the Persian Gulf. More than 30 faculty members and research staff collaborate and work directly in expeditions or laboratory analysis and data processing.

The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman Oceanographic Monitoring Program (PGGOOMP)

 

Given the importance of the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman in terms of biotic and abiotic resources and various strategic issues and considering the increasing stress on these valuable marine environments, the development of a long-term monitoring program in its all related fields seems to be essential. The Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, in line with its missions has formulated a long-term monitoring program (applying advanced measurement and sampling equipment , specialized staffs in various oceanographic sciences, it’s well-equipped laboratories and research vessel (Kavoshgar-e-Khalij-e-Fars)  to study and monitor the biotic and abiotic factors in the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman in the field of oceanography. Regular studies in various fields including physical, chemical and biological oceanography, marine geology, satellite oceanography and atmospheric science are programmed in a specified monitoring network with a defined timetable.


 

Programmed sampling stations’ map

In the first phase of this program (2018-2019) due to insufficient understanding of physical, chemical and biological processes in this environment and lack of accurate knowledge of short term (monthly and inter-annual) changes in environmental characteristics, monitoring expeditions at selected stations in the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Oman Sea was performed 4 times a year. Since the launch of theresearch vessel (Dec. 2017), according to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman Oceanographic Monitoring Program (PGGOOMP), six expeditions ( PGE1801, PGE1802, PGE1803, PGE1804, PGE1901 and PGE1902) in the region were organized in different seasons of the year (Jan 2018, May 2018, September 2018, December 2018, May 2019 and Nov 2019).


During 2018-2019, approximately 150 stations in the PG and GO (including seasonal replicates) were measured and sampled during 80 days (6 expeditions, about 1000 person-day). The maximum number of stations in an expedition (60) were sampled at PGE1901 cruise, which covered the area from the Arvand River in the northwest of the Persian Gulf to the Chabahar Bay in the Makran Sea. In this research expedition seawater, bottom sediment and marine benthic and planktonic organisms were sampled from shallow areas near the coast (about 10 meters deep) to depths of more than 1,000 meters in the Gulf of Oman. However, the focus of the PGE1801, 1802 and 1804 cruises were on the Strait of Hormuz and the eastern part of the Persian Gulf. More than 30 faculty members and research staff collaborate and work directly in expeditions or laboratory analysis and data processing.

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